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Cerebral palsy | Golden Hour Medical Solutions Pvt Ltd
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Cerebral palsy

Overview

Cerebral palsy refers to a disorder that affects movement, muscle tone or posture. It is caused when an immature, developing brain is subjected to an insult most often before birth. Signs and symptoms appear among infants or very young children in their preschool years. The disorder causes impaired movement, exaggerated reflexes, floppiness or rigidity of the limbs and trunk, abnormal posture, involuntary movements and unsteady walking. Other than difficulty in swallowing, patients may experience eye muscle imbalance and have a reduced range of motion at various joints.

Cerebral palsy’s effect on functional abilities varies greatly: meaning that not everyone suffers from the same disabilities. Some are able to walk, others cannot. The same is the case with intellectual function—it is normal in some but quite impaired in others. Epilepsy, blindness or deafness also may be present.

There are sub-types including a type characterized by spasticity or tightness of limbs. About 2% of all cerebral palsy cases are believed to be due to a genetic cause. Cerebral palsy is neither infectious disease nor is it contagious.

Improvements in the care of newborns have helped reduce the number of babies who develop cerebral palsy and increased the survival of those with very low birth weights. Though it remains incurable considerable progress has been achieved in the direction of treating and preventing complications. It occurs in about 2.1 per 1,000 live births. Physical therapy may help.

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